PhD. Ismailov Gulom Mirzayevich
Senior Scientific Researcher of Institute of Uzbek Language, Literature and Folklore under the Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences
TÜRK DEYİMLERİNDE "BEYAZ" VE "SİYAH" KAVRAMLARININ IDEOETNİK ÖZELLİKLERİ (Özbekçe, Kazakça ve Karakalpak dillerinin materyalleri üzerine)
Phraseological picture of the world is most clearly and accurately reflects the spirit of the people, its national mentality, as well as the cultural and historical experience of knowing the world, due to its expressiveness and emotionality. Objects reality different nations comprehended and semanticized differently; the fragment phraseological picture of the world that is characteristic of the people, can completely be ignored in phraseological picture of the world or other people considered other means of linguistic expression. Thus, phraseological picture of the world is specific to each language.
National language picture of the world is not only a source Linguistic material for the confirmation of certain characteristics national character, but also a good source of knowledge on national mentality. In the given article illuminated the one of the most important functions of language is to fix the experience of knowing the world in the cultural and historical development of the peoples, native speakers. Language keeps culture and transmits it from generation to generation, so it plays a significant role in shaping the personality of the national character, ethnic community, the people, the nation. Most vividly and clearly illustrate features of the culture of a people nominative units, including idioms, directly correlated with the extra-linguistic reality. So, especially the ideoethnical features of the concepts white and black in the Uzbek, Kazakh and Karakalpak phraseologisms are studied from language and culture point of view the given paper. Our study shows that the colors are expressed various occurrences in the mind of people that is the colors have several meaning. These colors mean are depending on peoples culture and its linguistic picture of their world outlook. This paper studied peculiarities of colors like these. For example, the color black is used as positive mean in the Kazakh and Karakalpak languages, ???? (???? ????) ?i?????? (Kazakh), ???? ??????? (Karakaplapk), but the black is used only negative mean in the Uzbek ?????? ???? (Uzbek).
If the national language picture of the world finds its maximum expression in the lexical system, it is possible to organize it systematically: the vocabulary of the national language in this case is divided into the names of real objects of the material world and the names of conceptual artifacts of national linguistic consciousness, the second group, in turn, consists of abstract logical concepts, subjective assessment and value categories and mythical categories [Kornilov, 2011, p.287]. It is obvious that the token grass, freedom, morality, and the kingdom of Far Far Away idiom are heterogeneous in terms of content lingvocultural information in them.
In idiomatic pictures of the world of each of the national language are reflected particular lifestyle, customs and traditions, history and culture of a people, the geographic and climatic conditions of his stay, value-regulatory system. Therefore, for any people characterized by Phraseological world picture as a universal, versatile and distictive national features.
phraseologism, black, white, concept, ideoethnical features of language.
13.11.2017. (BAHTİYAR VAHABZADE SALONU) . 16.15-16.30